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Glossary

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ADLs- Activities of Daily Living, usually refers to minimum ability to care for oneself including an ability to bathe, dress, eat, and walk without assistance. May also include things like shopping, cleaning, preparing meals and so on.

 AFO- stands for "Ankle Foot Orthosis" it describes a brace (orthosis) that goes under the foot and up the back of the calf and is used to help with foot drop.

Allodynia - pain caused by a stimulus which normally does not cause pain

 

Analgesic - a substance or drug that relieves pain

 

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Central Pain - pain associated with a lesion on the central nervous system (spinal cord or brain)

 

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Dysesthesia- an unpleasant abnormal sensation can be spontaneous or provoked by something

 

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Hyper- a prefix meaning increased

 

Hyperesthesia - increased sensitivity to stimulation (not taste vision or hearing)

 

Hyperalgesia- an increased response to a stimulus which is normal painful.

 

Hypo - a prefix meaning decreased

 

Hypoalgesia - diminished pain in response to a normally painful stimulus

 

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Neuritis - inflamation of a nerve(s)

 

Neuropathic- refers to damage to or pathology of the nerves.

 

Neuropathic Pain - pain caused by damaged nerves or pathology of the nerves.

 

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Paresthesia - an abnormal sensation which can be spontaneous or provoked. Tingling and shooting pains are paresthesias

 

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